Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa was founded by Emperor Minilik II, who relocated his capital from Ankober to the Entoto Hills in the early 1880’s. following the unusually cold and wet rainy season of 1886, the royal entourage set up temporary camp at the lower-laying Filwoha (hot springs), largely at the urge of Queen Taitu, who loved its steamy natural baths and christened the site Addis Ababa (new flower) by the mid-1890’s, the new imperial palace at Addis Ababa comprised a 3 kilo meter square compound enclosing 50 buildings and housing 8000 people, while the Saturday market near present-day St George’s  cathedral drew up to 50000 people. In 1900, lack of firewood in the mediate vicinity of Addis Ababa prompted Minilik II to consider relocating his capital to Addis Alem (new world), a plan that was scraped when it was discovered that the Entoto hills provided ideal condition for the fast-growing eucalypts tree, imported from Australia. The capital’s development was bolstered by the arrival of the Djibouti rail way in 1917 and an associated influx of Armenian and French traders, as well as by the drive for modernization, following the coronation of Emperor Haile Selassie in 1930. Addis Ababa was chosen as the base for UN Economic commission for Africa (UNECA) 1958, and five years later it was made headquarters of the organization of Africa unity (OAU), now the African union. More than one hundred twenty Embassies and different international organizations also based in the city. Currently the population estimated five million.